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Assessment of health status of traffic constables: An occupationally exposed group in Pakistan

Assessment of health status of traffic constables: An occupationally exposed group in Pakistan

Health of traffic constables


  • Mahnoor Taheer Butt Department of community Medicine, Akhtar Saeed Medical college, lahore.
  • Iram Manzoor Professor Community Medicine
  • Muhammad Ahmad Akhtar Saeed Medical college, lahore.
  • Muhammad Abbas Shah Akhtar Saeed Medical college, lahore.



Traffic constables, occupational health hazards, mental health, social health


Background: Traffic constables are exposed to various occupational health hazards worldwide. This study is planned to assess occupational health hazards in traffic constables in Punjab, Pakistan.

Subjects and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in different cities of Punjab including Lahore, Gujranwala, Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, Sialkot and Islamabad from March till August 2018. A sample of 384 traffic personals were selected by using non-probability convenient sampling technique. Retired traffic constables and those with work experience less than a year were excluded. A pretested questionnaire was used to conduct the interviews after taking informed consent. Data was collected and analyzed using SPSS version 22 and presented in frequency tables and charts.

Results: Maximum number of constables belonged to 31-40 years of age group. Among them 98.7% were male, 25% were having education level above graduation. Results of physical health hazards showed that 53% of warden were smoker, 16.14% were known diabetics and 19.53% were found to be hypertensive. Other physical ailments included respiratory problems (23.4%), hearing impairment or loss (15.88%) and various eye ailments (13.28%). Additionally, 9.1% of participants had evidence of lead poisoning, 33.84% complaints of tightness in muscles and 13.72% of headache, whereas 35.7% had met an accident in the last year. Prevalence of stress and anxiety were 30% and 33.33%. Regarding social health issues 36.7% reported that they were unable to give family time and 42.48% felt lack of independence due to their occupation. Job satisfaction was reported by 50%.

Conclusion: The traffic constables in Punjab suffer from a large number of physical, mental and social health issues. Their perception about their occupational health hazards is low and needs improvement through imparting health education.




How to Cite

Butt MT, Manzoor I, Ahmad M, Shah MA. Assessment of health status of traffic constables: An occupationally exposed group in Pakistan: Health of traffic constables. J Fatima Jinnah Med Univ [Internet]. 2020 Mar. 14 [cited 2024 Jul. 22];14(1):19-24. Available from: