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Investigating the Role of BACE1 and SORL1 as Exosomal Biomarkers in Dementia among Type II Diabetic Individuals

Investigating the Role of BACE1 and SORL1 as Exosomal Biomarkers in Dementia among Type II Diabetic Individuals

Authors

  • Amna Tanveer PhD Scholar, Kausar Abdullah Malik School of Life Sciences/Forman Christian College (A Chartered University),
  • Hafiz Muhammad Haseeb Khaliq MPhil student, Kauser Abdulla Malik School of Life Sciences/Forman Christian College (A Chartered University) Lahore
  • Zunera Tanveer Demonstrator, Department of Physiology , Bolan Medical College, Quetta
  • Adnan Arshad Forman Christian College (A Chartered University) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6653-9218

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37018/JFJMU/ADN/1987

Keywords:

Premaxillary setback, posterior vomerine ostectomy, premaxillary protrusion

Abstract

Background: Type II diabetes is the major cause of several microvascular and macrovascular complications found to alter the neurological balance within the brain and involve in cognitive impairment. BACE1 and SORL1 genes are the focus of the study, which may be involved in the cross linkage of Type II diabetes disease and dementia. This study aimed to investigate the expression of these two genes in Type II diabetic patients suffering from dementia and its correlation.

Patients and methods: Blood samples from a total of 47 subjects divided into four groups (diabetes, diabetes with dementia, brain tumors patients) and 12 healthy controls were collected from Lahore General Hospital (LGH). An internationally preferred minimal mental state examination (MMSE) scoring was used (English and Urdu validated translation). The data was analysed by GraphPad Prism 9.0 and one way ANOVA was performed to find variance amongst the samples with respected to expression analysis.

Results: This study included 12 healthy controls and 47 patients (22 males and 25 females) with the mean age±SD (55.9±6.2) during 8 months. BACE1 expression was significantly elevated in the dementia with diabetes group compared to healthy controls (mean difference: 2.1, 95% CI = 1.0 to 3.2, p<0.05). Similarly, SORL1 expression showed a significant increase in the diabetes group compared to healthy controls (mean difference = 1.8, 95% CI = 0.5 to 3.1, p<0.05). However, no significant differences were observed in either BACE1 or SORL1 expression between the diabetes and brain tumor groups (p>0.05 for both comparisons).

Conclusion: BACE1 and SORL1 genes expression levels were significantly higher in diabetic (Type II) patients with dementia and with dementia alone. It can be concluded that BACE1 and SORL1 genes expression detected through exosomal analysis can be used as early diagnostic marker in diabetic individuals with dementia.

Published

2024-03-10

How to Cite

1.
Tanveer A, Khaliq HMH, Tanveer Z, Arshad A. Investigating the Role of BACE1 and SORL1 as Exosomal Biomarkers in Dementia among Type II Diabetic Individuals . J Fatima Jinnah Med Univ [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 10 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];17(4):122-7. Available from: http://www.jfjmu.com/index.php/ojs/article/view/1133