Measles Prevention in Historic Perspective and Can it be Controlled in Pakistan?.
MUNIR AKHTAR SALEEMI*, MUHAMMAD ADIL AKHTER**, FARAH ZAHOOR***
*Professor and Head of Department of Social & Preventive Pediatrics, Fatima Jinnah Medical College/ Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore, ** Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, FJMC/SGRH, ***APWMO, Department of Social & Preventive Pediatrics, SGRH.
Medical Students’ Knowledge about Tuberculosis
FAROOQ Z1, TANVEER H1, MUSTAFA T2, ARSHAD A1, NAVEED M1, FATIMA T3, SADAF S4
MBBS Final Year Student, FJMC, Community Medicine Department, Lahore
Correspondence to: Zerwa Farooq, MBBS Final Year, FJMC, Lahore. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) has been declared a global emergency. As Pakistan ranks 6th among the countries with highest TB burden, this disease presents an immense challenge to the health infrastructure. So the aim of this study was to assess the knowledge regarding Tuberculosis among medical students.
Methodology: A cross sectional survey was conducted among 2nd, 3rd, and 4th year students of Fatima Jinnah Medical College. This was an anonymous survey and participation was voluntary. Sample was selected using systematic random sampling technique and self administered structured questionnaires were used for data collection. Data entry and analysis were performed using SPSS.
Influence of Electronic Media on Diaper Use
MUNIR AKHTAR SALEEMI, HUMAYUN IDREES, ATIYA MAHBOOB, FAREED-UD- DIN QURESHI, UMAR BALOCH, PERVEEN AKHTAR ZULFIQAR
1,2,6 Department of Social & Preventive Paediatrics, Fatima Jinnah Medical College & Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, 3Department of Dermatology, Federal Post Graduate Medical Institute and Sheikh Zayed Hospital, 4Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, 5 4th year FCPS Paediatrics Resident, Lahore
Address for Correspondence: Prof. Dr. Munir Akhtar Saleemi, MBBS. DCH. M Med. FCPS(P.Health), 200 D DHA EME Sector. Lahore. Office: 04299200281, Email: email@example.com
Objective: To investigate the sources promoting use of disposable diapers, and document reasons and frequency of disposable diapers use.
Design: Descriptive study.
Place and Duration of study: The study was conducted in the Department of Social & Preventive Pediatrics, Fatima Jinnah Medical College, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital from January to May 2010.
Material & Methods: Four hundred and sixty mothers with babies under 24 months of age were enrolled in the OPD of the Dept. of Social and Preventive Pediatrics, FJMC/SGRH after getting informed consent. The information was collected using a predesigned, pretested, questionnaire.
Revision Cochlear Implantations: Experiences of the Pakistan Cochlear Implant Program
ASIM IQBAL1, NADEEM MUKHTAR2, FATIMA MUKHTAR3, IQBAL J KHAN4, ZAKIR ULLAH5, NAJAM UL HAQ6, SYED MEHDI RAZA MUNTAZIR7
1Fatima Jinnah Medical College, 2Audiology Centre, 3Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore, Pakistan, 4Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, UK, 5Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan, 6National Hearing Service, Karachi, Pakistan, 7Audiology Centre, Lahore, Pakistan
Objectives: To determine the incidence, causes and outcomes of revision cochlear implant surgeries in the Pakistan cochlear implant programme.
Type: It is a retrospective descriptive study.
Duration: Between August 2000 and January 2013.
Setting: Pakistan cochlear implant programme, Lahore , Pakistan
Patient and methods: A review of the medical data of the patients undergoing revision cochlear implantation was performed.
An Audit of Tuberculosis from Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore
SABA AFRIDI, ZAINAB TAHIR, HANNIYA MARWAT, SRIJANA THAPA, ALVINA ZANIB ,FARIDA RAFIQ
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of tuberculosis and its types in patients admitted in Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore. And to make the patients aware of possible consequences of tuberculosis and protective measures that should be taken.
Materials and Methods: A consecutive case series was done among 150 diagnosed tuberculosis patients of age group 14 to 75 years admitted in different medical units of Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore during a period of three months (from September 2011 to November 2011). Data was collected by interviewing the patients using a self administered questionnaire and also by extracting their history files. Information sought included demographic data, signs and symptoms, and risk factors of TB.
Depression in the Mothers of Children with Epilepsy
SADAF RASHID, ABBAS ALI WARIS, MUHAMMAD KHAYAL REHMAN KHAN, HAFIZ MUHAMMAD UMAR, HAIDER IMAM, AMMARA BUTT, FATIMA SALEEM, SYED MUHAMMAD OMER
Objective: To assess depression in the mothers of the children with epilepsy.
Design: This study was carried out on mothers of the children with epilepsy, from June 2012 to August 2012.
Subject and Methods: 50 mothers of children with epilepsy were rated on the Beck Depression Scale, The data was tabulated and statistically analyzed.
Results: Mothers of children with epilepsy had depression which was statistically significant.
Conclusion: There is statistically significant difference between the BDI score of different age group, whereas there is no statistical significant difference between the BDI Score of educated & uneducated and in BDI score of House wife and professional women
Key Words: Developmental disabilities, epilepsy, Depression
Selection of Specialty for Post Graduation by Medical Doctors: A Need for Career Conselor in Medical Institutions
AYESHA SHAUKAT, ANDLEEB KHANUM, MUHAMMAD ASLAM
Correspondence to: Dr Ayesha Shaukat Associate Professor of surgery Unit 3 Sir Ganga Ram Hospital Fatima Jinnah Medical College Lahore . Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction: The post graduate speciality selected by a medical doctor plays an important role in the production of satisfied, content and enthusiastic medical specialists. Many young doctors do not seem to be very satisfied with their jobs and show a lack of interest in their fields of specialization so we decided to carry out a study to know the factors considered by these young doctors for opting for a particular speciality. We also wanted to know the level of satisfaction among these doctors perusing their respective fields of post graduation. Moreover, there is another alarming fact that as a result of open merit in medical colleges, the number of female doctors is increasing per anum. The lady doctors are more concentrated in specialties like gynae and obstetrics, pediatrics, pathology etc and show no interests in fields like neurosurgery, urology etc.Role of career conselor is clearly lacking in the medical institutions.
Colorectal Cancer Pathology Reporting: An Audit
AMAN-UR-REHMAN1, FARHAT KAZMI2, FARAH BANO NIAZI3
1Department of Histopathology Shaikh Zayed Hospital, 2Department of Oral Pathology, University of Lahore, Department of Histopathology, Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore
Correspondence: Dr Aman- Ur- Rehman. Email:email@example.com
Aims: To evaluate the information content of Pathology reports of surgically resected Colorectal Cancer specimens issued by different histopathologists.
Methods: All reports of colorectal cancer resection specimens during the years 2011-12 at DHQ level hospital were evaluated against: (a) standards previously agreed as desirable by histopathologistsand (b) standards considered to be the minimum required for informed patient management.
Evaluation of Risk Factors for Carcinoma Breast in Pakistani Women
FAROGH ZAHRA, FAREEHA HUMAYOUN, TAHIRA YOUSAF, NISAR AHMED KHAN
Surgical Unit I, Fatima Jinnah Medical College/Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore
Objective: To evaluate the risk factors for breast cancer in women attending OPD Breast Clinic, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore and compare the local with the western risk factors.
Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted at OPD Breast Clinic from January 2008 to June 2013. A total of 200 females were included. Diagnosis of breast cancer was based on histopathological findings. Age at presentation, stage and type of carcinoma breast, age at menarche, age at menopause, marital status, age at first full term pregnancy, parity, breast feeding history (12 months at least), use of oral contraceptives (regular uptake for at least one year), family history of breast cancer and other cancers (first degree relatives), smoking (20 pack years), were evaluated as risk factors for breast cancer. Demographic data and information related to risk factor were collected employing a short structured proforma.
Perception of Intellectual Stimulation, Reliability and Proactiveness among Health Managers Working In Tertiary Level Hospitals
1SAADIA SHAHZAD, 2HUMAIRA ZAREEN
1Department of Community Medicine, Shalamar Medical and Dental College Lahore, 2 Maternal and Child Health, Institute of Public Health Lahore, Pakistan
Correspondence to: Dr. Saadia Shahzad, Senior Lecturer, Community Medicine Department, Shalamar Medical and Dental College, Lahore. Cell: 0321- 4767918, Res: 0423- 6612167, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: Needs and priorities in public health require leaders who are able to engage in systems thinking, including analytical and critical thinking processes, visioning of potential futures, strategic and tactical assessment, and communication and change dynamics. New public health, in the back drops of globalization, financial strain, shifting power basis and serious demands on an already stressed system; needs visionary leadership.
Objective: To assess perception of health managers regarding Intellectual stimulation and its variables.
Methods: A Qualitative study was conducted in two public sector tertiary level hospitals in Lahore. Data collection was done by means of observation and in- depth interviews. Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) was taken as benchmark and an open ended questionnaire was developed on its lines. One main domain of Intellectual stimulation along with its two variables was developed and emergence of different themes and categories was noted.